Suggestions on the development of renewable resour

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Suggestions of the two sessions on the development of renewable resources industry

renewable resources is not only a traditional industry, but also a large industry. However, under the huge market potential, the foundation of the industry is worrying. Tu Jianhua said, "the main bodies of recycling enterprises are many and scattered, and it is difficult to manage and standardize the industry. The structure, business model and business method of the industry employees have never changed for decades, and there is a lack of industry leader guidance. The recycling volume of large-scale enterprises accounts for less than 10% of the total recycling volume." In addition, formal renewable resource enterprises are also facing the problems of high comprehensive tax burden and unbalanced development between regions. Taking the processing of waste steel as an example, since more than 90% of the raw materials of waste steel are high and low temperature impact testing machines, which are composed of boxes, air circulation systems, refrigeration systems, heating systems and humidity control systems, are recycled from natural persons, and there are almost no input invoices to be deducted, formal enterprises need to pay full tax. Relatively speaking, some "small and scattered" enterprises are easy to exploit loopholes, and the cost of formal enterprises increases greatly

although the state has issued a preferential policy of "tax collection and refund" for formal renewable resource enterprises, the benefits are limited. Tu Jianhua suggested that the state should speed up the implementation of preferential policies such as value-added tax and income tax for products of comprehensive resource utilization, ensure that announced enterprises that meet the requirements of industry norms can fully enjoy preferential tax policies, and narrow the gap between the enjoyment of policies by regional industrial enterprises; We will increase support for leading enterprises in the renewable resources industry and drive the industry towards standardization and centralization

new energy vehicle recycling

Chen Hong, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Shanghai Automotive Group:

new new new new energy vehicle recycling qualifications, separated from traditional vehicle recycling qualifications

in recent years, China's new energy vehicle market has maintained a high-speed development trend, but it has also brought some new problems. By 2020, it is expected that the cumulative production and sales of new energy vehicles will reach 5million, and the scrap period of new energy vehicles will also usher in a peak. The themes of Chen Hong's proposals are all around new energy vehicles. Chen Hong made suggestions to strengthen the recycling management of new energy vehicles and put forward specific measures: add new renewable energy vehicle recycling qualifications and separate them from traditional vehicle recycling qualifications. Refine the technical standards, supervision and promotion mechanism of battery disassembly. Gradually eliminate enterprises with backward technology and environmental protection standards. Plan and build parks for recycling and dismantling of new energy vehicles, cascade utilization of power batteries, and recycling of power batteries in a unified manner

waste classification

Yin Ping, deputy to the National People's Congress and deputy chief engineer of Qingdao Institute of marine geology, China Geological Survey:

it is suggested to speed up the legislation of domestic waste classification

Yin Ping said that the legislation of compulsory domestic waste classification at the national level is the guarantee to break through the current dilemma of waste treatment, and it is urgent to fully promote the construction of supporting work with the determination and strength of soil and water pollution and haze control, Improve the urban and rural living environment as soon as possible and realize green development. For the proposal of waste classification and treatment, Yin Ping suggested that we should speed up the national legislation of compulsory domestic waste classification, promote the construction of legal environment of differentiated waste treatment fees and credit system, speed up the construction of domestic waste classification standard system, at the same time, we should also strengthen the research and development of waste recycling and treatment technology, and finally build a "simple" society

Chen Xiaohong, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and President of Hunan Business School:

improve the charging system for classified disposal of urban domestic waste

in recent years, with the continuous improvement of public awareness of environmental protection, "waste classification" has become a social hot word. Chen Xiaohong suggested that the charging system for classified disposal of urban domestic waste should be improved "step by step, at different levels and with goals". The United Nations has brought advanced experience beyond confidence to extruder enterprises. It can take the lead in selecting a number of ecological cities or key cities among the 46 pilot cities to advance first, which can be piloted from business districts, central urban areas, etc. First, improve the construction of waste classification system, formulate and improve supporting policies, and cultivate public awareness of environmental protection; Second, optimize relevant charging measures, clarify the subject of charge collection, and support the waste classification and treatment industry chain; Third, establish a phased charging mechanism, improve the accountability mechanism, and promote the sustainable development of the garbage classification and disposal charging system

express waste

Zhang Jindong, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Suning Holdings Group:

improve regulations and standards and vigorously promote green packaging in the express industry

with the rapid growth of express business in China, the environmental pollution problem in the production and use of e-commerce express packaging is becoming increasingly serious. Zhang Jindong said that although the state has successively issued some guiding documents, such as the implementation plan for promoting green packaging in the express industry and the guiding opinions on jointly promoting green packaging in the express industry, there are still gaps in some links at the specific operation level, and some regulations and rules need to be updated urgently

Zhang Jindong suggested that the national standards for green packaging and over packaging in the express industry should be formulated as soon as possible, and the standards for the utilization rate and recovery rate of green packaging in the express industry should be clarified; Formulate service standards for express transportation, clarify the damage rate of express packaging in circulation, and improve the secondary utilization rate; Establish a recycling system for packaging waste in the express industry, and clarify the requirements and technical standards for safety, environmental protection, reliability, traceability, etc; Establish an exit mechanism for non environmentally friendly packaging and gradually realize the overall greening of express packaging

Wang Honghong, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and vice mayor of Huai'an City, Jiangsu Province:

issue regulations as soon as possible to promote green circulation

Wang Honghong suggested that the regulations on the recycling of commodity packaging should be issued as soon as possible, clearly encouraging the use of degradable and reusable environmental protection packaging materials, and clearly standardizing the requirements for the reduction of commodity packaging by legal means. Timely adjust relevant policies, work with relevant departments to study and adjust the "plastic restriction order", study and formulate relevant implementation plans to take the lead in restricting the use of a series of non degradable plastic packaging in e-commerce, express delivery, takeout and other industries, and urge local governments, especially cities, to strengthen the implementation

before the introduction of the regulations, Wang Honghong believed that a series of national standards such as the newly revised express packaging supplies should be strictly implemented. Promote enterprises to reduce the amount of paper used for commodity envelopes, reduce the thickness of plastic film bags for commodity packaging, and reduce the material use of air cushion film bags and plastic woven cloth bags

ZHU Dingjian, member of the CPPCC National Committee and chairman and CEO of Mission Hills Group:

strengthen the remediation of takeaway packaging waste pollution

ZHU Dingjian suggested that the plastic packaging materials produced by express delivery and takeaway should be fully included in the scope of supervision as soon as possible, improve the formulation of relevant laws, regulations and standards, strictly strengthen law enforcement and inspection, reduce control blind areas, and make it more suitable for the current economic and social development. The tax department will study and issue relevant tax measures to levy consumption tax on disposable plastic products. At the same time, China's "ecological tax" system has been gradually built with plastic waste as the cut-off point. The so-called "ecological tax" refers to the general term of various taxes that regulate environmental pollution and resource utilization related to environmental protection. Building an "ecological tax" system can not only enable participants in all links to share the corresponding taxes, but also serve as a necessary supplement to the environmental protection tax law

he also suggested that the detailed rules for the collection and subsidy of environmental protection funds should be studied and introduced. The subsidy objects of the fund can be divided into two categories: one is enterprises engaged in the recycling of waste takeout packaging plastics to reduce the waste stock; One is the industry university research project engaged in the development of environmental protection packaging technology, which encourages the development of high-quality substitutes as soon as possible

waste tire disposal

Li Xiaolin, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of the board of directors of Beijing Linda group:

increase subsidies for advanced technologies for waste tire disposal

the total amount of waste tires produced in China each year has ranked first in the world for many years, and is increasing at a rate of 8% to 10% per year. It is estimated that by 2020, the national waste tire production may reach 20million tons. The surge in the number of waste tires has become a very urgent industrial and environmental problem, which poses a new challenge to China's green development. Li Xiaolin said that at present, the waste tire treatment technologies and methods mainly include prototype utilization, old tire retreading, recycling, auxiliary fuel and thermal cracking and power generation technology. In all comprehensive utilization, pyrolysis technology is an important way to digest the largest amount of waste tires at present. It can produce a large amount of clean energy for recycling, create greater value and turn waste into treasure

pyrolysis technology can realize the recovery of resources and the full reuse of valuable products. It is one of the important development directions of waste tire treatment in various countries at present, and it also conforms to the national industrial policy and development plan. Li Xiaolin suggested that the support for entity enterprises that use pyrolysis technology to treat waste tires should be strengthened. The electricity generated by this technology should enjoy the same subsidies for green and clean energy promotion as biomass power generation and garbage power generation

power battery recycling

Zhang Tianren, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Tianneng group:

it is suggested that the implementation plan of the producer extension system should be introduced as soon as possible.

in the proposal on the formulation of the law on the comprehensive utilization of resources, Zhang Tianren suggested that the comprehensive utilization of resources should be standardized in terms of system, and the relevant subjects should be identified in the links of production, circulation and consumption. "This is of great significance for ensuring the rational use of resources, protecting the ecological environment, building a conservation oriented society, and promoting the sustainable, stable and coordinated development of the national economy."

as for the recycling of power batteries, Zhang Tianren called on the state to encourage and support production enterprises with the ability of industrial chain integration to build a national standardized recycling system for waste lead batteries, create an overall solution for the whole industrial chain of waste lead batteries, and lead the lead battery industry to take a green, circular and sustainable development path. He also suggested that the country should deal with waste plastic particles as soon as possible. Therefore, the disposal of waste plastic particles will become a hot topic in the future. The detailed rules for the implementation of the producer extension system implementation plan should be issued, and relevant policies and regulations should be issued at the national level to strictly crack down on the recycling and disposal of lead-acid batteries in the illegal industrial chain

Zhou Shanhong, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Jiangsu Wanshun Electromechanical group Co., Ltd.:

it is urgent to speed up the formulation of laws and regulations on the recycling of power batteries. According to Zhou Shanhong, at present, there are still many problems in the recycling of new energy vehicle power batteries in China: first, the recycling laws and regulations are not perfect; Second, the recycling system is not perfect; Third, the level of recycling technology and process needs to be improved; Fourth, recycling costs are high and it is difficult to make profits

Zhou Shanhong suggested that we should first speed up the formulation of laws and regulations on the recycling of power batteries. Further implement the coding system and traceability system of power storage battery. Secondly, we should build a large-scale and efficient waste power battery recycling management system, actively implement the producer extension system, and improve consumers' awareness of waste battery recycling through the deposit system and publicity and education. Recycling follows the principle of limited cascade utilization, while recycling elements with high extraction value, so as to form a closed-loop industrial chain of power batteries and maximize the utilization of resources. Moreover, we should increase the research and development of key technologies for the recycling and reuse of power batteries, and promote the valuable development model of circular economy

construction waste