How to save the hottest small, medium and micro en

2022-08-26
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Small, medium-sized and micro enterprises encounter a big test of life and death. How to save

fight against the COVID-19, different types of groups, enterprises and industries will be affected. When the Party Central Committee studied it, it especially thought of small and medium-sized enterprises

employment! Saving small and medium-sized enterprises is to ensure employment

there was no accident. At the executive meeting of the State Council on April 7, support measures for small and medium-sized enterprises and individual businesses were deployed again

this is the ninth time in two months since February 5 this year that the executive meeting of the State Council has targeted oxygen supply to a large group of small, medium-sized and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households

the weekly executive meeting of the State Council has almost become a special meeting to support small, medium-sized and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households (hereinafter referred to as small, medium-sized and micro enterprises), but this is still not all that the small, medium-sized and micro enterprises group has been concerned about recently

there is also special attention from the top leaders

he said there that in the fight against the COVID-19, different groups, enterprises and industries will be affected. When studying, the Party Central Committee especially thought of small and medium-sized enterprises. It has issued some policy combinations, which will be adjusted in time with the development and changes of the situation, so as to avoid the fundamental impact on small and medium-sized enterprises, and can recover to a good state as soon as possible, and can also have new development

this is also said in the face of small, medium-sized and micro enterprises across the country

in the epidemic, the national economy is under overall pressure, and small, medium-sized and micro enterprises are highly valued by the central government, especially thought of and targeted oxygen supply. Of course, this is not just because small, medium-sized and micro enterprises are not easy to survive under the epidemic. Compared with large enterprises, small, medium-sized and micro enterprises have relatively weak anti risk ability, and the impact of the epidemic on small, medium-sized and micro enterprises is greater. According to the Research Report of the China Association of small and medium-sized commercial enterprises, 58.25% of enterprises expect their revenue to fall by more than 50% in the first quarter. According to the data of the Ministry of industry and information technology, as of March 30, the resumption rate of China's small and medium-sized enterprises had only reached 76%, and nearly a quarter of small and medium-sized enterprises were facing a serious survival crisis, and the resumption rate was not completely equal to the resumption rate and resumption rate

and more because small, medium and micro enterprises are too important for the national economy and the people's livelihood. We have added desolite supercoatings production lines to our factories in Taiwan covered by the private economy. Small and micro enterprises have contributed more than 50% of taxes, more than 60% of GDP, more than 70% of technological innovation, more than 80% of urban labor employment, more than 90% of new employment and the number of enterprises in China's economic landscape

among them, the key is to solve more than 80% of urban labor employment, which is the biggest livelihood

the employment situation this year is particularly severe

according to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, the unemployment rate in January and February was 5.3% and 6.2% respectively. The unemployment rate surveyed in February reached the highest value since the statistics

according to the data of the Ministry of human resources and social security, there are 170million migrant workers who go out for employment. This time, they are the most directly affected by the epidemic, including 27.29 million registered poverty-stricken workers. There is also a highly concerned unemployed group of 8.74 million college graduates, a record high, and the pressure of employment is unprecedented

at the executive meeting of the State Council on March 10, Premier Li Keqiang's attitude was unequivocal. As long as employment is stabilized this year, it's nothing to have a higher or lower economic growth rate

on March 20, when Li Keqiang inspected the working mechanism for the resumption of work and production of the State Council, the on-site office once again stressed that the top priority of doing a good job in the six stabilities (stabilizing employment, finance, investment, foreign investment, foreign trade and expectations) this year is to stabilize employment, and small, medium-sized and micro enterprises and individual households are the largest containers of employment

as mentioned above, small and medium-sized enterprises, the largest container, absorb more than 80% of employment. Let's look at two groups of specific data:

the data of the fourth national economic census shows that by the end of 2018, China's 18.07 million small and medium-sized enterprise legal entities had attracted more than 233 million employees, accounting for 79.4% of the employment of all enterprise legal entities

at present, there are 83.53 million individual industrial and commercial households registered in China, driving the employment of more than 200million people. One in seven Chinese is self-employed

according to wengtiehui, Vice Minister of the Ministry of education, small, medium-sized and micro enterprises are the main employment front for college students. In the past three years, almost 60% of the employed college students are in small, medium-sized and micro enterprises

it is no exaggeration to say that as the cell of the national economy, small, medium-sized and micro enterprises are stable in employment and economy

for this reason, Premier Li Keqiang particularly stressed in his inspection on March 20 that at present, we have introduced macro policies such as finance, taxation and finance, and we should focus on providing oxygen and blood transfusion for small, medium-sized and micro enterprises and self-employed households, and we should do everything possible to make them survive

employees of enterprises returning to work after spray disinfection people's vision

small and medium-sized enterprises encountered a big test of life and death

at 0:00 on April 8, Wuhan was unsealed, marking that China's epidemic prevention and control officially entered the second half, epidemic prevention work has achieved phased results, local resumption of work and production has made remarkable progress, and the economic and social operation order has been accelerated

why is it so difficult for small, medium and micro enterprises to make progress

the answer may be found from the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held on April 8

the sentence of judgment is not easy to use words, but focuses on a long time

what changes have taken place in the external environment that may affect a long time and require full ideological preparation and work preparation

at present, there have been nearly 1.3 million confirmed cases of covid-19 in the world, only 4 countries in more than 200 countries and regions have zero confirmed cases, 60 countries including the United States have declared a state of emergency or wartime, and 63 international trade exhibitions have been cancelled or postponed around the world. The Tokyo Olympic Games was postponed for a record year, and the US stock market witnessed the historic four times of circuit breakers in 10 days. These external environmental changes determined that although the domestic epidemic control is getting better, as long as the epidemic continues to spread overseas, some measures to maintain social distance may exist for a long time. At the same time, with the increasing expectation of economic recession, people are inclined or forced to reduce consumption

national consumption decreased by 2.5 trillion yuan, and more than 460000 enterprises closed down

recently, Sheng Laiyun, deputy director of the National Bureau of statistics, pointed out that conservative estimates showed that in January and February this year, affected by the epidemic, retail sales of social consumer goods decreased by more than 1.5 trillion yuan, and consumption of tourism, accommodation, transportation, culture and entertainment services decreased by more than 1 trillion yuan

2.5 trillion yuan, equivalent to about 2.5% of the national GDP in 2019

it is easy to stimulate production, but difficult to stimulate consumption. If people dare not spend money, or even have no money to spend, it will undoubtedly bring a devastating blow to the consumer service industry. These areas are precisely where small, medium and micro enterprises are most concentrated

taking individual industrial and commercial households as an example, the data of the fourth national economic census showed that at the end of 2018, the top six industries with employees of self-employed households in China were: Wholesale and retail industry, with 64.432 million people, accounting for 43.2%; 22.353 million people in accommodation and catering industry, accounting for 15.0%; 16.374 million people in manufacturing industry, accounting for 11.0%; There are 13.039 million residents in the service, repair and other service industries, accounting for 8.7%; Transportation, warehousing and postal services accounted for 11.73 million people, accounting for 7.9%

the top five industries have accounted for more than 85%, of which four are service industries, which are closely related to people's lives, such as catering, supermarkets, bathing, KTV, fitness centers, clothing stores and other service industries

according to the Research Report of China Association of small and medium-sized commercial enterprises, 58.25% of enterprises expect the revenue to fall by more than 50% in the first quarter, that is, half of the enterprise revenue will be halved

even some consumer service enterprises have been unable to persist. On the street, many restaurants and service stores have put up signs of transfer

according to the data from tianyancha, 43470 catering enterprises cancelled or suspended their operations in the first quarter of the country; 11268 tourism enterprises were cancelled or revoked; In the first quarter, more than 460000 domestic enterprises closed down, half of which had been operating for less than three years. Meanwhile, in the first quarter, the number of newly registered enterprises fell sharply, about 3.2 million, down 29% from the first quarter of last year

although the first quarter, which constantly witnessed history, has passed, the future is still uncertain

many shops in Yiwu International means of production market are not open for business, and there are few shops in the market. Chen Yiliang, China Economic Weekly |

a large number of finished garments that can be exported directly are overstocked in a foreign trade clothing supplier factory in Guangdong

26000 foreign trade enterprises have disappeared, and robbing people to resume work has become a stop to recruit people

with the global spread of the epidemic, it has caused an impact on the economies of all countries, and the international market demand that originally grew sluggishly has become even worse. Global isolation will inevitably affect the demand for imports. Foreign trade enterprises were directly hit by the cancellation of overseas orders

as a world factory, China is deeply integrated into the global industrial chain. In the first half of 2019, China's dependence on foreign trade reached 32.5%, and nearly 1/3 of GDP is related to import and export trade

the epidemic in foreign countries continues to ferment, a large number of foreign trade orders of domestic foreign trade enterprises have been cancelled or postponed, and 5 million import and export enterprises are facing a big test

the situation that China Economic Weekly has learned from its investigation in Guangdong and Zhejiang, a major foreign trade province, is quite grim

Zhejiang Yiwu, known as the World supermarket, is the world's largest small commodity distribution center. In Yiwu International Trade City, the current passenger flow has decreased by more than two-thirds over the previous year. Foreign traders' overseas orders have been cancelled in a large area, with the cancellation ratio as high as 70% to 80%, and some even as high as 90%

behind the shops are production enterprises, and many foreign traders are also business owners of product production. Under the sharp decline in orders and revenue, many enterprises have fallen into losses and even withdrawn from market operations. In Yiwu International Trade City, many stalls have been closed

in the industrial park of a town under the jurisdiction of Yiwu, an enterprise owner who has been engaged in the packaging and printing industry for nearly 20 years told China Economic Weekly that Yiwu's packaging and printing cost can be the lowest in the world and the industrial competitiveness is the strongest, but it can't withstand the impact of the epidemic after the year. At present, customers in Europe, North America and South America have all cancelled their orders, and there are only some orders in the Russian market. Years ago, our factory had more than 60 workers, but now only 30 old employees remain. If orders continue to decline, layoffs will continue. The business owner of the packaging and printing industry told that one of his peers in Guangzhou was even worse. All overseas orders were gone, and only a quarter of domestic orders were left, with 80% layoffs

indeed, foreign traders in Guangzhou are also in dire straits

a foreign trader who has been engaged in garment foreign trade for 14 years told China Economic Weekly that since the resumption of work in March, 90% of foreign orders have been cancelled. Foreign customers cancel the order of the clothing supplier, and the clothing supplier takes

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